- The skirtlike remnant of the partial veil which shields the
lamellae as they produce the spores and protects the spores until
they are ready for release. It surrounds the upper part of the
mushroom stem below the cap and sometimes slips down. Not found on
every mushroom. Also called "annular ring."
- ANNULAR RING
- See annulus.
- A chemical that prevents the human body from breaking down and
excreting the by-products of ethyl alcohol. In combination with
alcohol, it causes uncomfortable and dangerous side effects (see
- Shaped like a bulb, especially at the base of a stem.
- The rounded, immature stage of a mushroom with a cap, before the
cap has expanded.
- The top of the mushroom--usually the spore-bearing part. Also
- The dense substance forming the indigestible outer skeleton of
insects, and the material from which the walls of the mycelia are
- The egg-shaped immature form of a mushroom, usually as it erupts
from the ground, especially in the Amanita genus. It is surrounded
by the universal veil.
- A chemical found in the Coprinus genus, especially prominent in
C. atramentarius . Responsible for Antabuselike reactions if
ingested within forty-eight hours of drinking any form of alcohol.
- The collecting, growing of mycelia, inoculation onto special
growth materials, and the harvesting of mushrooms using controlled
- The remnants of the universal veil surrounding the base of
certain mushrooms, such as Amanita andVolvariella. Also called
- To pour off gently from the top of a liquid so as not to allow
sediment or solid material to leave the bottom of the container.
- A method of preparing minced mushrooms for later use (see page___.).
- Not in the center.
- An early stage of growth (see cocoon).
- A formation of certain mushrooms, such as blewits and Marasmius
oreades, which grow in rings moving outward from a central point of
- A fine hair or fiber.
- A long fine hair or fiber.
- FIELD GUIDE
- A book that carefully describes different mushroom species so
they can be tentatively identified.
- The release of energy visible in the dark, caused by the
presence of phosphorus chemical compounds, especially in Armillaria
mellea (honey mushroom).
- FRUITING BODY
- The part of a fungus that bears the reproductive tissues.
- FUNGUS (pl. fungi)
- A plantlike living organism lacking chlorophyll and usually
- GENUS (pl. genera)
- A group of related species demonstrating common characteristics.
- Thin sheetlike curtains that usually bear spores. They are
radially arranged under the caps of certain mushrooms.
- A chemical occuring in certain Helvella and Gyrometra
mushrooms which when broken down in the human body forms
Monomethylhydrazine, a poison.
- Growing underground.
- The liquid that oozes from certain mushrooms when they are cut
or bruised, especially Lactarius.
- Mushrooms that closely resemble and may be mistaken for other
- A mineral consisting of shiny, transparent, platelike chemical crystals.
- MONOMETHYLHYDRAZINE (MMH)
- A chemical used for rocket fuel. It is poisonous if inhaled or
ingested. It is released from some Helvella and Gyromitra
mushrooms by drying or boiling in water, and is a break-down product
in the human body from a chemical named gyromitrin which is found
in these mushrooms.
- A structure bearing the reproductive organs of the plant that
- MYCELIUM (pl. mycelia)
- The mass of fine threadlike structures that make up the
vegetative, food-gathering portion of fungi.
- The study of fungi.
- A person who has been professionally trained to study fungi.
- One who has a special appreciation for eating mushrooms.
- MYCORRHIZA (pl. mycorrhizae)
- The mutually beneficial growing together of mycelia and the
root hairs of trees and other plants.
- Round-worms of various sizes, frequently parasitic, infesting
plants and animals. Usually passes part of its life cycle in the
- An organism living on and injuring another organism.
- The process of boiling food briefly in water.
- PARTIAL VEIL
- A sheet of tissue under a mushroom cap. It stretches from the
cap margin to the stem, and protects the sporebearing tissues until
the spores are mature.
- The process by which green plants make carbohydrates such as
sugar, using water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight.
- See cap.
- Small openings of tubes where the spores are developed, under
the caps of certain mushrooms such as polypores and boletes.
- A solid rootlike cord of mycelial material.
- An organism deriving its food from dead organic matter.
- Mycelium produced artificially for the purpose of cultivating
- The name given to a single kind of organism. Species can be
divided into sub-species.
- The seedlike reproductive unit of a fungus, usually of microscopic size.
- The upright pillarlike part of the mushroom, which supports the
cap. Also called the "stalk" or "stipe."
- See stem.
- The material and/or location on which an organism grows and from
which growth materials are extracted.
- The scientific classification of organisms based on their
similarities and differences.
- Narrow, round, spore-producing projections hanging from the
bottom of the caps of certain mushrooms such as the hedgehog mushroom.
- A long, slender, coiled extension of a plant, usually used for
- The study of poisons and their effects.
- A mushroom cap having a rounded mound in the center.
- UNIVERSAL VEIL
- A sheet of tissue surrounding the entire fruiting body until it
is ready to expand and disperse spores, seen especially well in the
genus Amanita . Portions of the universal veil may remain as wartlike
masses on the surface of the cap. The bottom portion may persist as
a cup, or volva.
- Cuplike remnants of universal veil at the base of the stem or
attached to the lower stem in shaggy rings. Also called "cup."
- Having concentric bands of color, fibers, or scales, as on the
surface of the caps of certain mushrooms such as Lactarius species.